Debate on language continues, what is its political significance?

Hindi National Language Row: The tweet controversy over Hindi status among film actors of North and South India has once again raised the language debate between North and South. However, on the pretext of this debate, political efforts are also going on to bridge the language debate between the North and the South.

Many provinces formed on the basis of language
In independent India, many provinces of the country have been formed on the basis of language. At the same time, many political parties and leaders have reached the throne of power only with the help of language politics. At the same time, this debate is also not new whether Hindi, the most spoken language in India, should be given the status of the national language or should be allowed to remain the official language. Because in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution, there are 22 Indian languages ​​including Hindi as the official language of business.

The Ministry of Home Affairs said many times – Hindi is the official language and not the national language
As far as the government is concerned, the Ministry of Home Affairs has been clear in many RTI replies that Hindi is the official language but the national language Not there. That is, there is a language used in government work but it is not the national language of India. Not only this, during the last decade, many times the Home Ministry of the Government of India and the Department of Official Language working under it have made it clear that there is no provision in the Constitution to make Hindi the national language. Although it is also true that Hindi is the most spoken language in India spread over 32 lakh square km. Therefore, the government has been accused of giving more encouragement and protection to Hindi

BJP’s political math is weak in South India
BJP, which returned to power with the help of Lok Sabha elections 2014, also has the largest share in the house from North India. But the political math of BJP, which claims to be the world’s largest party, is still weak in South India. There is not a single MP in the states like Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala from where there are 84 seats in the Lok Sabha. On the other hand, BJP is also trying to increase its penetration in the states like Orissa, West Bengal.

If we look at the current distribution in the Lok Sabha, the 9 mainly Hindi speaking states have a share of about 40 percent in the House. Whereas Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Orissa, Karnataka, Maharashtra, P. The share of Bengal etc. is about 45%, where the regional language has a special importance in common speech and government work.

PM Modi told Tamil is the oldest language in the world
On February 27, 2022, ‘Mann Ki Baat’; Referring to the importance of mother tongue in the program, PM Modi had said that just as we cannot leave our mother, we cannot leave our mother tongue in the same way. He also emphasized in the radio program that India should be proud of the fact that Tamil, the oldest language of the world, is in their country. At the same time, one should also be proud of the fact that Hindi is the third most spoken language in the world.

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