Only 14% are convicted in POCSO, in every fourth case the accused and the victim know each other

POCSO Act: Data Evidence for Justice Reform (DE JURE) program in the World Bank has revealed some shocking things about the POCSO Act. After 10 years of the POCSO Act, an independent think tank, in an analysis of e-courts across the country, found that in cases registered under the POCSO Act, 43.44% cases were acquitted and only 14.03% cases resulted in conviction. finds. An analysis titled ‘A decade of POCSO’ by the Justice, Access and Lowering Delays in India (JALDI) Initiative, Vidhi Center for Legal Policy, in collaboration with the World Bank’s Data Evidence for Justice Reform (DE JURE) organization emerged from. 

In the analysis, from 2012 to 2021, 2,30,730 cases of e-courts located in 486 districts of 28 states and union territories were studied. To understand this law in more detail, a detailed study of 138 cases registered under it found that in 22.9 per cent cases the accused and the victim were known to each other.

In 3.7% of the cases the victim and the accused were found to be family members. While in 18% of the cases, the victim and the accused had a love affair prior to physical relationship, while in 44% of the cases both the accused and the victim were completely unknown to each other. 

< p style ="text-align: justify;">In 96% cases the accused was known to the victim

According to the data released by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) in 2021, in 96 percent of the cases registered under the Poxo Act, the accused was an acquaintance of the victim. Of the 138 cases that Vidhi Pahal studied in depth, it was found that 5.47 per cent of the victims were girls below the age of 10 years. In 17.8% of cases, the age of the female victims was between 10-15 years and in 28% of the cases between 15-18 years, while in 48% of the cases the age of the female victims could not be ascertained. 

Accused in 6.8% cases older than 45

In the same research, in 11.6 percent of the cases, the age of the accused was between 19-25 years. In 10.9 per cent cases, the accused was between 25-35 years, while in 6.1 per cent the accused was between 35-45 and in 6.8 per cent the accused was above 45 years. In 44 per cent cases, the age of the accused could not be ascertained. Overall, it was found from this analysis that 56 per cent of the cases registered under the POCSO Act are related to penetrative offences. 31.18 per cent cases were found to be sexual assault, while 25.59 per cent cases related to aggravated penetrative offences.

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