Prime Minister Modi gave a scarf to Italy’s PM Georgia, which is being discussed

The trend of giving gifts is old not only in India but in the whole world. In Hindi cinema with these "Gift is just a name, it is my message from the heart…" As songs have been written. Everyone is aware of what a small gift does to express love, maintain affinity and bring warmth in relationships. This is the reason why the country’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi understood their importance at the G-20 summit in Bali island of Indonesia.

PM exhorted the global leaders present on this platform to include the cultural heritage of India  Gave gifts containing traditional artefacts of Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh. PM gave Kangra miniature painting to US President Joe Biden, while British PM Rishi Sunak was given Gujarat’s handmade ‘Mata ni Pachedi’.

He presented the gift of Pithora, a tribal folk art of Chhota Udaipur to Australian PM Anthony Albanese. Gave agate bowls of Kutch to the leaders of France, Germany and Singapore. Gifted a ‘Patan Patola’ scarf to his Italian counterpart Giorgia Meloni. Among all the gifts given by the PM, the Patan Patola scarf given to the Prime Minister of Italy is being talked about the most. After all, what is so special about Patan Patola that is attracting everyone’s attention. 

Italian PM got Patola and not mango

The scarf gifted by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Italian Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni at the G-20 summit is not a trivial gift. In PM’s home state, Patan Patola is not just a fabric but giving it is also a way of showing respect.  This is an ancient art of Gujarat. Wearing and keeping it is considered a matter of pride in Gujarat. Its cost is so much that this cloth remains outside the reach of common people.

The voices of the specialties of Patan Patola echo in the folk songs of Gujarat. The history of Patola saree is 900 years old. It is said that its description is found in the Ramayana Purana. Apart from this, it is also believed that some of the clothes worn by the artefacts of the Ajanta Ellora caves are seen in Patan clothes.

This saree made in Patan, Gujarat is a unique painting in itself, this handicraft is considered remarkable in the history of India. Through these, the PM has tried to send a message of love and belonging to the world. In a way, it can also be taken as an initiative to recognize the country’s handicrafts and folk arts at the global level.

PM Narendra Modi gifts ‘Patan Patola Dupatta’ (scarf) to Italian PM Giorgia Meloni

The (Double Ikat) Patan Patola textile woven by Salvi family in Patan area of ​​Northern Gujarat is so well crafted that it becomes a feast of colours, with front & reverse being indistinguishable. pic.twitter.com/fiaEOYJ6V1

— ANI (@ANI) November 16, 2022

This is how the fabric of Patola is dyed

The ancient art of Patola with double Ikat i.e. dyeing technique dates back to 11th century. Patola cloths made of pure silk have equal intricacy of colors and designs on both the sides. This Patan Patola is prepared by a complex and difficult technique of dyeing different knots on warp and weft before weaving.   called ‘Bandhani’.

This specialty of its weaving makes it excellent in clothes. It is prepared in Patan city of Gujarat, hence it is called Patola. Patola is woven on old hand operated wooden looms made of rosewood and bamboo strips. The loom is skewed. Another commonly worn patola is the Rajkot Patola, which is woven on a flat loom.

In its weaving, there are silk threads in the warp and weft. These are tied with cotton thread on the parts marked with the design to be made. This tied part then does not come in contact with the colors while dyeing. These parts have to be tied, untied, repainted in different colors later.

Single and primary colors are applied to the fabric one after the other then the mixed colors are brought to the fabric by overlapping. This type of dyeing is what makes the design special. It does take a lot of effort and time. Along with this, highly skilled and skillful artisans are required for this work.

Patola Patan used to go to Indonesia
Now there is the only Salvi Kunba who is making this, keeping this 900 years old handicraft alive. In the family of 9 members including 4 women of this clan  From the oldest 70 year old Rohit to the youngest 37 year old . According to the Salvi family, Indonesia was an important buyer of Patola Patan before World War II.

This saree is given a lot of importance in Malaysia, Thailand where people used to import Patola saree from India. It is said that King Kumarpal of the Solanki dynasty had called about 700 families of Patola weavers from Maharashtra Jalna to settle in Patan in North Gujarat. The Salvi family is one of them. This family has also been honored with many national awards for their art. The family says that making Patola Patan clothes requires a lot of hard work and skill.

Sari of 6 yards and 50 days
Patola Patan  It takes 3 to 4 months to produce tie-dyed designs on the warp and weft threads for a 6 yard saree. For this, two weavers working together weave about 8 to 9 inches in a day. It takes 40 to 50 days to weave one saree even after 4-5 men are employed.

The time taken to knit also depends on the intricacy of the design. Traditionally, only pure silk and natural and chemical dyes were used, but now increasingly bleaching and easy to dye chemical dyes are also used.  In the last 20 years, experiments are being done to redevelop the old indigenous process.

According to the Salvi family who weaves Patola Patan, the design of Patola Patan cloth "Rice" The names are based on traditional motifs. in these "Narikunj", "Paan", "Fulwadi", "Rashbat"flowers, animals birds, human figures are included.

One of the expensive gifts

If the Salvi family, who weavers of Patola Patan, are to be believed, in 1342 AD, the traveler Ibn Battuta had taken Patola as a gift to many kings. They were widely used as valuable gifts in the 17th and 18th centuries. A popular folk song in Gujarat is about a wife asking her husband for Patan Patola.

She says, “Chaila ji re, mare hatu patan thi patola mongha lavjo”. It means bring me an expensive patola from Patan.’ The base price of a Patola saree in Patan weave starts from Rs.1.5 lakhs and can go up to Rs.6 lakhs. A typical 46-inch dupatta or dupatta sells in the range of Rs 80,000, depending on the intricacy of the design.

Rajkot and Patan Patola

Rajkot Patola sarees start from Rs 70,000 and go up to Rs 1.25 lakh. Patola Patan and  The difference in Rajkot Patola is that chemical colors are used in Rajkot. Whereas the colors of Patan vanaspati are used.  The Patola of Rajkot weighs more than 600 grams, while the Patola of Patan weighs less than 500 grams.

Another difference is that Patan patolas have sharper motifs, while Rajkot ones are blurred. Ikat weaving is also found in the famous Sambalpuri sarees of Odisha, but these sarees are also woven in cotton thread. The Pochampally saree of Andhra Pradesh is similar.

Read also: 

What did Prime Minister Narendra Modi bring to India from the G-20 summit?

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